AIA Top 10


Case studies are currently organized by project type. In the future, you will be able to search the case studies database by a variety of criteria, including by cross-referenced building materials listed on Green Building Pages and by key sustainable design and construction features.


 AIA Top 10 2004

20 River Terrace - The Solaire


New York, NY

Cesar Pelli & Associates

Contact: David Hess
(212) 417-9496

20 River Terrace is a LEED certified building chosen as a 2004 Top Ten Green Project. The building was designed in accordance with the new environmental guidelines instituted by the Battery Park City Authority (BPCA) in 2000. As a 27-story, glass and brick residential tower, it was designed to use 35% less energy, reduce energy use during peak hours and require less potable water than conventional, high rise buildings. The HVAC system used is free of ozone-depleting refrigerants. Energy Star fixtures, a master shut-off switch, and programmable digital thermostats are included in each unit. The cooling tower and toilets are supplied by an on-site black water treatment and reuse system. 19% of the building materials contain recycled material and 93% of the construction waste was recycled.
City of White Rock Operations Building

White Rock, BC

Busby + Associates Architects
Vancouver, British Columbia

Contact: Peter Busby
(604) 684-5446

Built on the site of the original operations building and the use of an abandoned waste water treatment plant's concrete clarifiers and pump house as a foundation for the facility are just two of the many ways this building was listed as and AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Buildings. The buildings anticipated energy performance is 60% better the the Canadian Model National Energy Code, and 55% better than ASHRAE 90.1-1999.

Heating for this building is provided by solar hot water tubes and air conditioning is not necessary due to the natural ventilation design. Photovoltaic power generation is used and daylighting is maximized to lower energy use. Stormwater is rerouted and utilized in the toilets, waterless urinals as well as low flow faucets add to the efficient plumbing plan. Low impact materials were selected and 97.75% of construction waste was recycled. All of these environmentally friendly practices led to the LEED rating Gold for this building.
Factor 10 House (F10)

Chicago, IL

Esherick Homsey Dodge & Davis
Chicago, IL.

Contact: Ronald Rochon
(206) 682-6837

The City of Chicago's Department of Environment and Department of Housing commissioned the house through their Green Homes for Chicago program. After the project was complete, they sold the residence to an individual buyer who currently resides there now. What makes this residence seperate from others is the reduction of the environmental impacts by a factor of 10. The entire site allows for water to be absorbed by use of pavers and a green roof. The interior floor plan is open to increase cross ventilation and carefully chosen windows and window placement increases the use of solar energy. Energy conscience materials as well as construction waste recycling added to the “green” aspect of this great residence.
Genzyme Center

Cambridge, MA

Behnisch, Behnisch & Partner
Venice, CA

Contact: Christof Jantzen
(310) 399-9003

The Genzyme Center was designed from the inside out leading to an environmentally friendly 12-story building. While the building is heated by steam from a nearby power plant, the high-performance curtain wall envelope allows solar gain in the winter and blocks solar rays in the summer. A skylight located at the top of the central atrium allows air to flow through the atrium and out with the help of exhaust fans keeping the building cooler during the summer.

Waterless urinals and low-flow fixtures helps this building to use 32% less water than most office buildings. A green roof irrigated by the stormwater runoff adds to the green and beauty of the building. Local or environmentally conscience materials were carefully chosen and almost 90% of the wood is FSC certified.

Genzyme Center is expected to receive a LEED Platinum rating.

Greyston Bakery

Yonkers, NY

Maya Lin Studio, New York City
Cybul and Cybul Architects, Edgewater, NJ


"Natural light is introduced into the facility via a skylight atrium, a three-story light shaft, and numerous windows. The south-facing light shaft allows light from the roof to penetrate the interior spaces of the bakery. The atrium introduces diffuse natural light into the two-story office area, guaranteeing most employees natural light. Large clearstory windows and viewing windows are strategically located to both add light and allow views into the facility from the street. 50% of the building relies on natural light for some portion of the illumination.

The light shaft and atrium are also ventilated, allowing for natural airflow through the bakery, which eliminates excess heat from the ovens in the summer and supplements the primary ventilation system. The passive ventilation within the bakery is supplemented by a mechanical fresh-air make-up system that filters 99% of particulates from the air. Baked products are partially cooled by ambient outside air.

A roof garden serves as a public meeting place, and adds insulation to the roof.

An efficient impingement tunnel oven is used to bake the products. The oven is so well insulated that it does not feel hot to the touch" (AIA Top Ten).

Herman Miller Building C1

Zeeland, MI

Krueck & Sexton Architects

Contact: Rico Cedro
(312) 787-0056

Before it was named as an AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Building in 2004, the Herman Miller Building C1 achieved a LEED Gold rating in 2002. In order to achieve such a high rating, C1 used many innovative environmental practices. Because this building was a 100% renovation, no new roads or utilities were added. C1 was able to reduce it’s water consumption by 31% by replacing old fixtures with new more efficient ones. Native plants and a new irrigation system were installed to decrease the amount of water used. Consumption of energy was reduced by 29% and 69% of the total energy is created on site. Recycled-content materials were used to decrease environmental impact as well as Zero-VOC interior paints.
Lake View Terrace Library

Lake View Terrace, CA

Fields Devereaux Architects & Engineers,
Los Angeles, CA


"Site stormwater runoff was reduced by 25% with landscaping features that include a series of radial bioswales that allow for efficient infiltration of rainwater. Over 75% of construction waste was diverted from landfills to local recycling facilities.

The Library's energy performance is over 40% more efficient than California standards. The building shell is high-mass concrete masonry units (CMU) with exterior insulation to allow night venting. Approximately 80% of the building is naturally ventilated with mechanically interlocked windows controlled by the building's energy management system. A building-integrated photovoltaic system shades the entry and roofs the community room, providing 15% of the building's energy. The design provides nearly 100% shading of glazing during operating hours. During a typical day, all public areas (93% of the building) achieve target lighting levels without artificial light. Daylight-dimming ballasts and occupancy sensors are used where appropriate.

The program called for a LEED(R) Platinum building as rated by the U.S. Green Building Council, and it is the first project of the city to attempt this level of certification" (AIA Top Ten).

Pierce County Environmental Services

University Place, WA

Miller|Hull Partnership
Seattle, Washington


"Daylighting studies measured the performance of early design phase models. These studies led to the use of baffles in the skylights, a large western overhang, and exterior sunscreens on the eastern facade to avoid direct sunlight penetration while keeping the desired transparency and connection to natural light.

Enclosed office pods containing the individual offices and conference rooms slash through the open office "tail" of the building and define the various departments while providing visual transparency through the structure.

The raised floor air distribution system reduces the size and energy consumption of the mechanical system, improves indoor air quality, provides for future flexibility, and gives individuals direct control of their immediate environment. Nighttime flushing moves cool night air through the raised floor plenum, lowering the temperature of the concrete structure by several degrees" (AIA Top Ten).

The Plaza at PPL Center

Allentown, PA

Robert A.M. Stern Architects, New York
Kendall/Heaton Associates, Houston, TX
Atelier Ten, New York & London


"A dramatic eight-story central glass atrium brings natural light deep into the core of the building, while extensive perimeter glazing provides abundant daylight to, and views from, all building spaces.

Carbon dioxide sensors insure that fresh air is supplied to each building area as needed, and zero-emitting or low-VOC paints, adhesives, sealants, carpet, and composite wood were used throughout. Two two-story, plant-filled winter gardens along the south façade of the building provide unique workspaces, bring daylight deeper into the floor plates, control glare, and improve indoor air quality.

The design integrates environmental moderation and control into the fabric of the building with high-performance glazing, brises-soleil, and a vegetated roof. The building's energy demand is more than 30% lower than code requirements, its water use is 45% below code requirements, and its construction materials contain over 20% recycled content"(AIA Top Ten).

Woods Hole Research Center

Falmouth, MA

William McDonough + Partners
Charlottesville, Virginia


"By giving close attention to all aspects of environmentally intelligent design, the project seeks to demonstrate how modern construction can "harmonize with a habitable earth" and preserve the functional integrity of the landscape. And, by providing a healthy, comfortable, and enjoyable workplace filled with daylight and fresh air, the Center hopes to enhance productivity and job satisfaction of its staff" (AIA Top Ten).
© 2002 Green Building Pages. All rights reserved.
  © 2002-2010 Green Building Pages, Inc.  All rights reserved.